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Green-headed Oriole

Green-headed Oriole on Mount Gorongosa

Video by Federico Pardo / The Field Museum 


The Green-headed Oriole (Oriolus chlorocephalus), found only on Mount Gorongosa, tops the "most wanted" list of any serious birder. The bird that you’ll find on Mount Gorongosa is a unique race of Green-headed Oriole that is distinguished by the white panel on its wings. No other Green-headed oriole in Africa has this marking which makes it a unique find.


Green-headed Orioles, as a whole, are very specialized birds that can only be found in old-growth rainforests on mountaintops. They can be found in Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique but only in very few, special environments. It is believed that millions of years ago, when the earth’s climate shifted, this bird’s habitat was only left on a few isolated mountains topped in rainforest – such as Mount Gorongosa. As evolution occurred over millions of years, the Green-headed Oriole of Mount Gorongosa became it’s own unique race that is truly a once-in-a-lifetime sight.


Our knowledgeable guides can take you to the rainforest of Mount Gorongosa to find the elusive oriole.