"…the park, located at the southern end of the Great Rift Valley, has tremendous topographical diversity. The landscape changes from traditional bush with palm and fever trees to lush savanna laced with full-flowing rivers. To the north of the park—accessible only by helicopter—are limestone gorges and caves and groves of lemon and lime trees. On the horizon, Gorongosa Mountain looms above the plains." - Conde Nast Traveler
Similarly to the rest of the Great Rift Valley, the floor of the valley within Gorongosa is about 40 km wide and occupies the central portion of the Park. Its surface is virtually flat, elevated only 15 to 80 m above sea level, and composed largely of fertile, alluvial soils. The plains are crisscrossed by a number of rivers, some seasonal, other permanent. Most of them drain into the central feature of the Rift Valley in Gorongosa – Lake Urema.